Comment prêchait Mahomet ? Quelles sont les racines du schisme entre sunnites et chiites qui structure depuis quatorze siècles le monde musulman ? D’où vient la doctrine des Frères musulmans ? Quel message porte de nos jours le soufisme, la voie mystique de l’islam ?Pour comprendre l’islam d’aujourd’hui, mesurer sa diversité et saisir les courants qui le traversent, un détour par l’histoire est nécessaire.Antoine Sfeir, l’un des meilleurs vulgarisateurs de cette religion, met l’essentiel de ses connaissances à la portée de tous ; prenant soin d’écarter idées toutes faites et lectures idéologiques, il rapporte les faits historiques en les distinguant des croyances et des mythes, depuis la vie du Prophète jusqu’à l’actualité la plus brûlante.À mettre entre toutes les mains.Nouvelle édition revue et augmentée
At the origin of resentment we always find an injury, an act of humiliation, an affront, a trauma. Those who feel victimized cannot react because they are powerless. They brood on their desire for revenge, which they cannot satisfy but which constantly nags at them, until finally they explode with anger. This period of waiting may also be accompanied by a repudiation of the oppressor's values and a rehabilitation of the victim's own values, and this gives the oppressed new strength, fueling the act of revolt or revenge. --
Author: Jonathan Laurence, Justin Vaïsse
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Nearly five million Muslims call France home, the vast majority from former French colonies in North Africa. While France has successfully integrated waves of immigrants in the past, this new influx poses a new variety of challenges—much as it does in neighboring European countries. Alarmists view the growing role of Muslims in French society as a form of "reverse colonization"; they believe Muslim political and religious networks seek to undermine European rule of law or that fundamentalists are creating a society entirely separate from the mainstream. Integrating Islam portrays the more complex reality of integration's successes and failures in French politics and society. From intermarriage rates to economic indicators, the authors paint a comprehensive portrait of Muslims in France. Using original research, they devote special attention to the policies developed by successive French governments to encourage integration and discourage extremism. Because of the size of its Muslim population and its universalistic definition of citizenship, France is an especially good test case for the encounter of Islam and the West. Despite serious and sometimes spectacular problems, the authors see a "French Islam" slowly replacing "Islam in France"–in other words, the emergence of a religion and a culture that feels at home in, and is largely at peace with, its host society. Integrating Islam provides readers with a comprehensive view of the state of Muslim integration into French society that cannot be found anywhere else. It is essential reading for students of French politics and those studying the interaction of Islam and the West, as well as the general public.
New York Times Best Seller Longlisted for the Man Booker Prize Named a Best Book of 2017 by NPR, Amazon, Kirkus, The Washington Post, Newsday, and the Hudson Group A dazzling, richly moving new novel by the internationally celebrated author of The God of Small Things The Ministry of Utmost Happiness takes us on an intimate journey of many years across the Indian subcontinent—from the cramped neighborhoods of Old Delhi and the roads of the new city to the mountains and valleys of Kashmir and beyond, where war is peace and peace is war. It is an aching love story and a decisive remonstration, a story told in a whisper, in a shout, through unsentimental tears and sometimes with a bitter laugh. Each of its characters is indelibly, tenderly rendered. Its heroes are people who have been broken by the world they live in and then rescued, patched together by acts of love—and by hope. The tale begins with Anjum—who used to be Aftab—unrolling a threadbare Persian carpet in a city graveyard she calls home. We encounter the odd, unforgettable Tilo and the men who loved her—including Musa, sweetheart and ex-sweetheart, lover and ex-lover; their fates are as entwined as their arms used to be and always will be. We meet Tilo’s landlord, a former suitor, now an intelligence officer posted to Kabul. And then we meet the two Miss Jebeens: the first a child born in Srinagar and buried in its overcrowded Martyrs’ Graveyard; the second found at midnight, abandoned on a concrete sidewalk in the heart of New Delhi. As this ravishing, deeply humane novel braids these lives together, it reinvents what a novel can do and can be. The Ministry of Utmost Happiness demonstrates on every page the miracle of Arundhati Roy’s storytelling gifts.
A meticulously researched volume that presents the Shi'a worlds in all their complexities.
Author: Ziauddin Sardar
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Looks at the history and significance of the city of Mecca, from its early history through its sudden emergence as the religious center of an empire, to its modern incarnation and what its future could bring.
From sending imams abroad to financing mosques and Islamic associations, home states play a key role in governing Islam in Western Europe. Drawing on over one hundred interviews and years of fieldwork, this book employs a comparative perspective that analyzes the foreign religious activities of the two home states with the largest diaspora populations in Europe: Turkey and Morocco. The research shows how these states use religion to promote ties with their citizens and their descendants abroad while also seeking to maintain control over the forms of Islam that develop within the diaspora. The author identifies and explains the internal and foreign political interests that have motivated state actors on both sides of the Mediterranean, ultimately arguing that interstate cooperation in religious affairs has and will continue to have a structural influence on the evolution of Islam in Western Europe.
À partir du milieu du XIXe siècle, l'adoption de Constitutions dans le monde musulman inaugure un profond renouvellement de la pensée politique islamique. De la découverte du régime constitutionnel jusqu'aux controverses actuelles sur les droits de l'homme, la démocratie, la colonisation ou encore l'usage de la violence, cet ouvrage retrace les grandes étapes de l'histoire contemporaine de la pensée politique à la fois au sein du sunnisme et du shi'isme. En la situant dans l'histoire des États, l'ouvrage analyse l'évolution des courants de pensée politique dans une perspective comparative, et permet de discerner les préoccupations communes à l'ensemble des penseurs musulmans ainsi que les thèmes et modèles spécifiques à chacune des deux branches de l'islam. Prégnantes dans la mémoire, on découvre ainsi que les traditions ne sont ni univoques ni immobiles.
This reference book is intended to help teachers, teacher administrators, policy makers and others deal with the important issue of religious diversity in Europe's schools. The religious dimension of intercultural education is an issue that affects all schools, whether they are religiously diverse or not, because their pupils live and will work in increasingly diverse societies. The book is the main outcome of the project 1The Challenge of intercultural education today: religious diversity and dialogue in Europe', developed by the Council of Europe between 2002 and 2005. It is in four parts: theoretical and conceptual basis for religious diversity and intercultural education; educational conditions and methodological approaches; religious diversity in schools in different settings; examples of current practice in some member states of the Council of Europe.
Author: Patricia M. E. Lorcin
Using colonial Algeria as the starting point of her analysis, Patricia Lorcin explores the manner in which ethnic categories and cultural distinctions are developed and used in society. She focuses on the colonial images of "good" Kabyle and "bad" Arab (usually referred to as the Kabyle Myth) and examines the circumstances out of which they arose, as well as the intellectual and ideological influences which shaped them. Her study demonstrates how these images were used to negate the underlying beliefs and values of the dominated society and to impose French cultural, social and political values. By tracing the evolution of ethnic categories over time, Lorcin reveals their inherently unstable nature and the continual process of redefinition in accordance with circumstance and political or social expediency.
L'Islam, Mon Seul Choix
Author: Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din
Publisher: Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore USA
Dans ce livret, l'auteur compare les fois mondiales majeures en ce qui concerne l'historicité, les vies des fondateurs, les croyances, pratiques et écritures révélées, et montre pourquoi son choix de religion est tombé sur l'islam.
Orient Occident le choc ?
Author: Christian Chesnot, Antoine Sfeir
Depuis des décennies, le monde arabe connaît une interminable descente aux enfers. L’Occident porte une large part de responsabilité, mais aussi les dirigeants orientaux eux-mêmes, ou la pâle copie que sont leurs héritiers. Livrée aux appétits des puissances occidentales après la Première Guerre mondiale, cette région est devenue le terrain d’affrontement des rivalités. La découverte du pétrole en Irak et en Arabie saoudite dans les années 30 a aiguisé les convoitises européennes et américaines. La création de l’État d’Israël en 1948, vécue par le monde arabe comme « la catastrophe », n’est toujours pas acceptée. Génération après génération, les conflits se transmettent et s’élargissent. Aujourd’hui, nous assistons impuissants à l’énumération morbide des victimes, et de nombreuses questions se posent. Y a-t-il une fatalité pour que les Arabes ne connaissent ni le repos ni la paix ? L’islam est-il insoluble dans la démocratie ou dans la république ? Cette enquête sans complaisance, menée sur le terrain durant plusieurs années par deux spécialistes du monde arabe, Christian Chesnot et Antoine Sfeir, se veut une analyse clinique et complète des crises enchevêtrées du Moyen-Orient. Un examen pour mieux comprendre une région dont l’avenir est une des clés de notre stabilité.
Author: Bat Yeʼor
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson Univ Press
This provocative and disturbing book is about the transformation of Europe into Eurabia, a cultural and political appendage of the Arab/Muslim world. Eurabia is fundamentally anti-Christian, anti-Western, anti-American, and antisemitic, while striving for Israel's disappearance and the vilification and isolation of America. The institution responsible for this transformation, and that continues to propagate its ideological message, is the Euro-Arab Dialogue, developed by European and Arab politicians and intellectuals over the past thirty years. With all the drama of a master writer, Bat Ye'or presents a wide range of historical and contemporary documents and facts to tell the story of how the European Union is being subverted by Islamic hostility to the very ethics and values of Europe itself. Readers who seek a fair resolution of the Arab-Israel conflict will be shocked by the evidence produced in these pages of unfair pressures and deliberate distortions. Europe's independence of spirit is shown in the process of being undermined. This book challenges the current demonization of Israel and should be essential reading for everyone interested in true peace in the Middle East
Muslims and Jews in France
Author: Maud S. Mandel
Publisher: Princeton University Press
This book traces the global, national, and local origins of the conflict between Muslims and Jews in France, challenging the belief that rising anti-Semitism in France is rooted solely in the unfolding crisis in Israel and Palestine. Maud Mandel shows how the conflict in fact emerged from processes internal to French society itself even as it was shaped by affairs elsewhere, particularly in North Africa during the era of decolonization. Mandel examines moments in which conflicts between Muslims and Jews became a matter of concern to French police, the media, and an array of self-appointed spokesmen from both communities: Israel's War of Independence in 1948, France's decolonization of North Africa, the 1967 Arab-Israeli War, the 1968 student riots, and François Mitterrand's experiments with multiculturalism in the 1980s. She takes an in-depth, on-the-ground look at interethnic relations in Marseille, which is home to the country's largest Muslim and Jewish populations outside of Paris. She reveals how Muslims and Jews in France have related to each other in diverse ways throughout this history--as former residents of French North Africa, as immigrants competing for limited resources, as employers and employees, as victims of racist aggression, as religious minorities in a secularizing state, and as French citizens. In Muslims and Jews in France, Mandel traces the way these multiple, complex interactions have been overshadowed and obscured by a reductionist narrative of Muslim-Jewish polarization.