Este libro se compone de escritos del más diverso origen - cartas, memorias, autobiografías, polémicas, reportajes, informes de policía, interrogatorios y actas judiciales. Se ha tomado como norma que los autores de los escritos conocieran personalmente a Marx o Engels. Los textos seleccionados no hacen referencia sino a su persona, los autores de los textos pertenecen a variadas tendencias políticas - liberales, socialdemócratas, socialistas, comunistas, etc. Esta obra contiene un aparato de consulta en el que destaca la relación de elogios e injurias que Marx y Engels dedicaron a los autores de los textos aquí reunidos.
José Aricó explores why Latin-American reality was apparently 'excluded' from Marx's thought. Identifying the contradictions in Marx's attitude to 'peripheral' countries, Aricó challenges charges of 'Eurocentrism', demonstrating how Marx's hostility to Simón Bolívar's 'Bonapartism' coloured his attitude towards the continent.
Pedagogy of the Oppressed
Author: Paulo Freire
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
First published in Portuguese in 1968, Pedagogy of the Oppressed was translated and published in English in 1970. Paulo Freire's work has helped to empower countless people throughout the world and has taken on special urgency in the United States and Western Europe, where the creation of a permanent underclass among the underprivileged and minorities in cities and urban centers is ongoing. This 50th anniversary edition includes an updated introduction by Donaldo Macedo, a new afterword by Ira Shor and interviews with Marina Aparicio Barberán, Noam Chomsky, Ramón Flecha, Gustavo Fischman, Ronald David Glass, Valerie Kinloch, Peter Mayo, Peter McLaren and Margo Okazawa-Rey to inspire a new generation of educators, students, and general readers for years to come.
Literature and Revolution, written by the founder and commander of the Red Army, Leon Trotsky, in 1924 and first published in 1925, represents a compilation of essays that Trotsky drafted during the summers of 1922 and 1923. This book is a classic work of literary criticism from the Marxist standpoint. By discussing the various literary trends that were around in Russia between the revolutions of 1905 and 1917, Trotsky analyses the concrete forces in society, both progressive as well as reactionary, that helped shape the consciousness of writers at the time. In the book, Trotsky also explains that since the dawn of civilisation art had always borne the stamp of the ruling class and was primarily a vehicle that expressed its tastes and its sensibilities. “It is difficult to predict the extent of self-government which the man of the future may reach or the heights to which he may carry his technique. Social construction and psycho-physical self-education will become two aspects of one and the same process. All the arts—literature, drama, painting, music and architecture will lend this process beautiful form. More correctly, the shell in which the cultural construction and self-education of Communist man will be enclosed, will develop all the vital elements of contemporary art to the highest point. Man will become immeasurably stronger, wiser and subtler; his body will become more harmonized, his movements more rhythmic, his voice more musical. The forms of life will become dynamically dramatic. The average human type will rise to the heights of an Aristotle, a Goethe, or a Marx. And above this ridge new peaks will rise.”—Leon Trotsky
Discipline & Punish
Author: Michel Foucault
In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.
Thought and Language
Author: Lev Semenovich Vygotskiĭ
Publisher: MIT Press
A new edition of a foundational work of cognitive science that outlines a theory of the development of specifically human higher mental functions. Since it was introduced to the English-speaking world in 1962, Lev Vygotsky's Thought and Language has become recognized as a classic foundational work of cognitive science. Its 1962 English translation must certainly be considered one of the most important and influential books ever published by the MIT Press. In this highly original exploration of human mental development, Vygotsky analyzes the relationship between words and consciousness, arguing that speech is social in its origins and that only as children develop does it become internalized verbal thought. In 1986, the MIT Press published a new edition of the original translation by Eugenia Hanfmann and Gertrude Vakar, edited by Vygotsky scholar Alex Kozulin, that restored the work's complete text and added materials to help readers better understand Vygotsky's thought. Kozulin also contributed an introductory essay that offered new insight into Vygotsky's life, intellectual milieu, and research methods. This expanded edition offers Vygotsky's text, Kozulin's essay, a subject index, and a new foreword by Kozulin that maps the ever-growing influence of Vygotsky's ideas.
The Hitler Book
Author: Henrik Eberle, Matthias Uhl
Stalin had never been able to shake off the nightmare of Adolf Hitler. Just as in 1941 he refused to understand that Hitler had broken their non-aggression pact, he was in 1945 unwilling to believe that the dictator had committed suicide in the debris of the Berlin bunker. In his paranoia, Stalin ordered his secret police, the NKVD, precursor to the KGB, to explore in detail every last vestige of the private life of the only man he considered a worthy opponent, and to clarify beyond doubt the circumstances of his death. For months two captives of the Soviet Army--Otto Guensche, Hitler's adjutant, and Heinz Linge, his personal valet--were interrogated daily, their stories crosschecked, until the NKVD were convinced that they had the fullest possible account of the life of the Führer. In 1949 they presented their work, in a single copy, to Stalin. It is as remarkable for the depth of its insight into Adolf Hitler--from his specific directions to Linge as to how his body was to be burned, to his sense of humor--as for what it does not say, reflecting the prejudices of the intended reader: Joseph Stalin. Nowhere, for instance, does the dossier criticize Hitler's treatment of the Jews. Today, the 413-page original of Stalin's personal biography of Hitler is a Kremlin treasure and it is said to be held in President Putin's safe. The only other copy, made by order of Stalin's successor, Nikita Khrushchev, in 1959, was deposited in Moscow Party archives under the code number 462A. It was there that Henrik Eberle and Matthias Uhl, two German historians, found it. Available to the public in full for the first time, The Hitler Book presents a captivating, astonishing, and deeply revealing portrait of Hitler, Stalin, and the mutual antagonism of these two dictators, who between them wrought devastation on the European continent.
Author: Álvaro García Linera
Plebeian Power is a series of essays by Álvaro García Linera, making available to English readers the Bolivian vice-president's evolving analysis of the nature of the state, class and indigenous identity.
Author: Hans Magnus Enzensberger
Publisher: Seagull Books
Hans Magnus Enzensberger, perhaps Germany s greatest living poet, was already widely respected in the 1960s, the tempestuous decade of which Tumult is an autobiographical record. Derived from old papers, notes, jottings, photos and letters that the poet found years later in his attic, the book is not so much about the poet himself but more about the many places he visited and people he met. Comprising four long pieces from 1963 to 1970, each episode looked back upon with a postscript from 2014 and a poem, the book focuses on the political events and their participants during that tumultuous decade, based on Enzensberger s personal experience as a left-wing sympathizer. Dedicated to those who disappeared, Tumult is a document of that which remains of one of humanity s headiest times. "
Author: Curtis Ray Carlson, Frank Moss, Todd Machover
Publisher: T F Editores
Innovation: Perspectives for the 21st Century, has been published by the BBVA Group. The motivation behind this publication is to disseminate expert knowledge on the key issues shaping the future course of the 21st century and relay this knowledge to soc
Politics and crime
Author: Hans Magnus Enzensberger
Author: Hans Magnus Enzensberger
In "Civil Wars," Hans Magnus Enzensberger, Germany's most astute literary and political critic, chronicles the global changes taking place as the result of evolving notions of nationalism, loyalty, and community. Enzensberger sees similar forces at work around the world, from America's racial uprisings in Los Angeles to the outright carnage in the former Yugoslavia. He argues that previous approaches to class or generational conflict have failed us, and that we are now confronted with an "autism of violence" a tendency toward self-destruction and collective madness.
The Magical State
Author: Fernando Coronil
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In 1935, after the death of dictator General Juan Vicente Gómez, Venezuela consolidated its position as the world's major oil exporter and began to establish what today is South America's longest-lasting democratic regime. Endowed with the power of state oil wealth, successive presidents appeared as transcendent figures who could magically transform Venezuela into a modern nation. During the 1974-78 oil boom, dazzling development projects promised finally to effect this transformation. Yet now the state must struggle to appease its foreign creditors, counter a declining economy, and contain a discontented citizenry. In critical dialogue with contemporary social theory, Fernando Coronil examines key transformations in Venezuela's polity, culture, and economy, recasting theories of development and highlighting the relevance of these processes for other postcolonial nations. The result is a timely and compelling historical ethnography of political power at the cutting edge of interdisciplinary reflections on modernity and the state.
Primera gran revolución europea en que la lucha de clases entre proletariado y burguesía interviene como uno de los factores esenciales, la revolución de 1848 fue al mismo tiempo el primer gran “test” práctico para la teoría que Marx y Engels acababan de sintetizar en el manifiesto comunista, y fue la única ocasión de toda su vida en que participaron directamente, sobre el terreno, en un proceso revolucionario. No hay dominio alguno de la teoría política de Marx en el que la experiencia re 1848 no haya dejado profundas huellas. La presente obra es una contribución al conocimiento de esta importante fase de la formación del marxismo. El autor reconstruye, apoyándose en las fuentes más directas, la acción política de Marx y Engels en la revolución y su análisis teórico del proceso pone de manifiesto las respuestas que los dos fundadores del marxismo dan a los nuevos problemas que les plantea la revolución. La interacción dialéctica entre la teoría y ña práctica en el desarrollo del marxismo aparece en este libro con particular claridad. Entre los diversos trabajos de Fernando Claudín, podemos destacar su obra La crisis del movimiento comunista (París, 1970), los estudios introductorios a los Escritos económicos (1893-1899) de Lenin, publicados por nuestra editorial en tres volúmenes, y a la edición conjunta (México, 1975) de las obras de Kautsky (La dictadura del proletariado) y Lenin (La revolución proletaria y el renegado Kautsky), Eurocomunismo y socialismo (Siglo XXI, Madrid, 1977), Divergencias comunistas (Barcelona, 1979) y La oposición en el socialismo real (Siglo XXI, Madrid, 1981)