Author: Sara E. Melzer, Leslie W. Rabine
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
This interdisciplinary collection of essays examines many facets of the important and paradoxical relation between women and the French Revolution. Recent research has unearthed evidence that women of all classes participated actively in the French Revolution, demanding bread for their families, and fighting for the same rights of equality and liberty that men claimed for themselves. The authors contend that although the male leaders of the Revolution depended on the women's active militant participation, they denied to them the rights women helped to establish. At the same time that women were being banned from the political sphere, "woman" was transformed into an allegorical figure which became the very symbol of (masculine) Liberty and Equality. Bringing together the work of historians and literary critics, this book's multidisciplinary approach provides readers with diverse interpretations of representations of history and culture. Containing the work of some of the most distinguished feminist scholars working today, "Rebel Daughters" analyzes how the revolutionary process constructed a new gender system at the very foundation of modern liberal culture. This compelling study will be essential reading for students and scholars of French literature, history, art history, and political theory.
This study explores the meanings ascribed to sexual difference in the theories of Charles Fourier, the Saint-Simonians and Flora Tristan. Their concept of 'the feminine' as a moral force justified a wide range of social roles for women. In addition, 'the feminine' became a symbol of the harmony and co-operation envisaged for the future. The study shows that, while these socialists challenged contemporary sex-role definitions, the new distinctions which they created nevertheless circumscribed the possibilities for female 'liberty'.
French Women Writers
Author: Eva Martin Sartori, Dorothy Wynne Zimmerman
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Marie de France, Mme. De Sävignä, and Mme. De Lafayette achieved international reputations during periods when women in other European countries were able to write only letters, translations, religious tracts, and miscellaneous fragments. There were obstacles, but French women writers were more or less sustained and empowered by the French culture. Often unconventional in their personal lives and occupied with careers besides writing?as educators, painters, actresses, preachers, salon hostesses, labor organizers?these women did not wait for Simone de Beauvoir to tell them to make existential choices and have "projects in the world." French Women Writers describes the lives and careers of fifty-two literary figures from the twelfth century to the late twentieth. All the contributors are recognized authorities. Some of their subjects, like Colette and George Sand, are celebrated, and others are just now gaining critical notice. From Christine de Pizan and Marguerite de Navarre to Rachilde and Häl_ne Cixous, from Louise Labe to Marguerite Duras?these women speak through the centuries to issues of gender, sexuality, and language. French Women Writers now becomes widely available in this Bison Book edition.
Previously untranslated and often unpublished, these writings - especially Pelletier s fragmentary memoirs, which will certainly spark a controversial reassessment of that often enigmatic and troubled feminist pioneer - will delight serious readers. Along with a very useful bibliography, the well-crafted chapter notes are useful to specialized researchers and new students alike. F. Burkhard, Choice Early French Feminisms, 1830 1940 is a source book of personal and political writings by Flora Tristan, Pauline Roland, Jeanne Deroin, Hélčne Brion and Madeleine Pelletier, five key individuals in the development of women s rights in France. Though their writings and political activity ranged over more than a century, these women were linked by their commitment to feminism and to socialism and can be considered as seminal figures in French political thought. Their journals, letters and diaries have not been available in print or in English translation and the same is true of many of their published works. As well as extensive extracts from the original source material, Early French Feminisms, 1830 1940 contains biographical and contextual historical material which sets the writers in their period and links them to contemporary feminist and socialist debates. Tristan, Deroin, Roland, Pelletier and Brion were active in the growth of trade union organization, Saint-Simonian utopian socialism, the birth of the parliamentary Socialist Parties, pacifism during the First World War and the neo-Malthusian or birth control movement. Ranging across personal and public genres of writings, the texts reproduced for this volume, placed in historical context, demonstrate the difficulty which these largely self-educated women faced in entering the public sphere and the political persecution which they faced courageously. Early French Feminisms, 1830 1940 clarifies an important chapter in feminist and socialist militancy which will be of interest to students and scholars of women s studies and modern French history.
Flora Tristan, Utopian Feminist
Author: Flora Tristan, Doris Beik, Paul Harold Beik
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Author: Susan Grogan
Flora Tristan is best known as a nineteenth century French social critic and reformer. Her writings can be seen as a precursor to Marxism and Feminism. Flora Tristan: Life Sories by Susan Grogan, investigates the life of Flora Tristan through an exploration of the way she represented herself in her own writings. The author also examines the portrayal of Flora Tristan in paintings and literature. Rather than adopting a chronological approach, the author surveys the personae of Flora Tristan through thematic chapters on her roles as author, socialist, traveller and "Mother of the Workers". She places Flora Tristan in the context of contemporary debates and ideas, adding to our understanding of the times in which Flora Tristan lived. Flora Tristan: Life Stories argues that Flora Tristan's self-representations were attempts to claim a role of authority and significance not open to women in the nineteenth century. This authoritative study also engages with attempts to re-evaluate the writing of biography and to explore the meaning of an individual life in historical context.
Author: Marilyn J. Boxer, Jean Helen Quataert
Publisher: New York : Elsevier North-Holland
France and Women, 1789-1914
Author: James McMillan, Professor James F Mcmillan
France and Women, 1789-1914 is the first book to offer an authoritative account of women's history throughout the nineteenth century. James McMillan, author of the seminal work Housewife or Harlot, offers a major reinterpretation of the French past in relation to gender throughout these tumultuous decades of revolution and war. This book provides a challenging discussion of the factors which made French political culture so profoundly sexist and in particular, it shows that many of the myths about progress and emancipation associated with modernisation and the coming of mass politics do not stand up to close scrutiny. It also reveals the conservative nature of the republican left and of the ingrained belief throughout french society that women should remain within the domestic sphere. James McMillan considers the role played by French men and women in the politics, culture and society of their country throughout the 1800s.
This book arose out of a doctoral thesis presented by Maire Cross at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne in 1988. The emphasis of the book is however, rather different form that of the thesis. While the thesis focused essentially upon the relationship between Flora Tristan's feminism and her socialism, the book seeks in addition to explore more fully the elements in Tristan's writings which are not obviously linked to the socialist tradition.
Letters To Milena
Author: Catherine Millet
Publisher: Random House
'One of the most explicit books about sex ever written by a woman' Edmund White A window into a life of insatiable desire and uninhibited sex – this is Parisian art critic Catherine M.’s unabashed autobiography, the story of her sexual awakening and unrestrained pursuit of pleasure. From the glamorous singles clubs of Paris to the Bois de Boulogne, she describes her erotic experiences in precise and beautiful detail. A phenomenal bestseller throughout Europe, The Sexual Life of Catherine M., like the recent Fifty Shades of Grey, breaks with accepted ideas of sex and examines the alternative manifestations of desire. Told in spare, elegant prose, her story will shock, enlighten and liberate you.