Lectures du Coran
Author: Mohammed Arkoun
Publisher: Albin Michel
Mohammed Arkoun (1928-2010) est l'une des plus grandes figures de l'islamologie contemporaine. Son approche scientifique, centrée sur la « critique de la raison islamique », a fait de lui le précurseur de tous ceux qui veulent en finir avec les impasses mortifères du littéralisme en se fondant sur l'apport des sciences humaines. LectureS du Coran, paru initialement en 1982, est un ouvrage-clé de sa démarche : il mobilise toutes les ressources de la linguistique, de la sémiotique, de l'histoire des mentalités et de la sociologie pour déconstruire le discours classique sur le Coran. Ce faisant, il aborde les sujets les plus brûlants : statut du Livre comme parole de Dieu, shar'a et condition de la femme, jihd, islam et politique... et montre en quoi toutes les lectures du Coran sont nécessairement des « constructions humaines ». Mohammed Arkoun considérait ce livre comme la matrice de son oeuvre et a consacré les dernières années de sa vie à le remanier et à l'enrichir. Son épouse, Touria Yacoubi-Arkoun, a pu réunir les ultimes versions de ces textes afin de permettre à cette édition définitive de voir le jour. Le résultat témoigne de la fécondité des pistes de recherches ouvertes près d'un demi-siècle plus tôt : cette oeuvre de visionnaire demeure d'une importance cruciale dans la lutte contre les fondamentalismes.
Author: Massimo Campanini
The Qur’an: Modern Muslim Interpretations offers a lucid guide to how Muslims have read the Qur’an in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries. Massimo Campanini explores early approaches to the understanding of the Qur’an, including that of the Salafis and the construction of the Islamic Renaissance Movement, contrasting the development of traditionalist and ‘scientific’ interpretations and examining the work of the phenomenologists who followed. This lively book explores the radical ideas of Sayyid Qutb and his followers, a significant part of what is known as political Islamism, and investigates the idea of exegesis as a liberation theology, through the work of Esack and Wadud. Students taking courses on the interpretation of the Qur’an will find this an invaluable aid to their study, and it is essential reading for all those interested in how Muslims have understood the Qur’an in the contemporary period.
In Praise of Songs
Author: Cynthia Robinson
This study argues, based on primary sources, in favor of meaning in nonfigural ornament, and thus contributes to a debate central to the study of Islamic art. It also brings new material from the Andalusi poetic corpus in classical Arabic to another of Medieval Studies' central discussions, the "Troubadour Question."
The essays in this volume examine ten Muslim intellectuals from the Arab world, Iran, Turkey, Indonesia, Pakistan, the USA, and Europe. These thinkers employ contemporary critical methods to interpret the Qur'an, arriving at conclusions that challenge those of earlier Muslim interpretation, and are critical of political Islam and progressive in orientation. The volume offers a framework for understanding their work, and responses to this among Muslim and Western audiences.
"Le Coran, avant sa mise en forme par écrit, fut une parole. Pour tenter de déceler les caractéristiques de cette parole, nous sommes contraints, dans un premier temps, de nous limiter aux possibilités expressives de la langue, à l'exclusion de tous les présupposés explicites ou implicites que toute lecture impose au texte."
This book is based on a study of the pecularities of one of the earliest Qur?anic manuscripts preserved (the codex Parisino-petropolitanus, 7th century); it provides an analysis of the conditions of the written transmission of the Qur?an and reconsiders the constitution of the canonical version. - Ce livre, qui étudie les particularités d'un des plus anciens manuscrits coraniques conservés (le codex Parisino-petropolitanus, 7e siècle), analyse les conditions de la transmission écrite du Coran et reconsidère la façon dont s'est constituée la version canonique.
Voyages d'Ibn Batoutah
Author: Ibn Batuta, Charles Defrémery, Beniamino Raffaello Sanguinetti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This four-volume edition of the Arabic text of the Journey of the Moroccan traveller Ibn Battuta (1304-68/9), with a French translation, was published in 1853-8 as part of the 'Collection d'ouvrages orientaux' of the French Société Asiatique. In 1325, Ibn Battuta, who came from a family of Islamic jurists in Tangier, set out to make the pilgrimage to Mecca - the beginning of a journey that would last for twenty-four years and take him as far as China. In Volume 1, he describes his departure from Tangier, and his journey via Tunis to Egypt, where he travelled to Cairo, planning to reach a Red Sea port and sail to Arabia. The route was closed, so he returned to Cairo and travelled from there to Damascus, taking in the holy places of Palestine en route. Having finally reached Medina and Mecca, he decided to travel on, to Najaf (in present-day Iraq).
This French-language book is the first to propose a scientific approach to the Aga Khan's religious thought, placing it in its proper perspective by revealing how the Aga Khan responded to contemporary challenges. It will be of interest to both students and scholars of history, orientalism and Islamic thought and cultures, and to anyone interested in South Asia or in the fundamental issues of religion and modernity.
Explores the genesis of Islam for insight into the nature of ideological transformation.
Contemporary Arab Thought
Author: Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab
Publisher: Columbia University Press
During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.
In the House of War
Author: Sam Cherribi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Sam Cherribi is a Moroccan Muslim who became a naturalized Dutch citizen and member of the Dutch Parliament. In this book he draws on his personal experiences with European politics and media, extensive fieldwork in Dutch mosques, and interviews with imams. In recent years, the Netherlands has been swept by the same forces of change that have swept the rest of Europe: the consolidation of the European Union, a massive influx of Muslim immigrants and the rising voice of Islamic fundamentalism. Cherribi argues that this small country has amplified these forces, providing a useful lens through which to examine trends in all of Europe. The portents are troubling, he notes, as evidenced by the murders of journalist Pim Fortuyn and filmmaker Theo Van Gogh, after which riots broke out, mosques were burned, and Muslims were openly reviled by the public and the media. Cherribi himself was voted out of Parliament in the anti-migrant fervor that engulfed the Netherlands after these murders and, like many other Dutch Muslims, he emigrated to the United States. Looking back on these events, and bringing to bear his skills and training as a sociologist, Cherribi provides an invaluable account of one country's encounter with some of the most troubling trends of our times.