Le recours aux droits de propriété intellectuelle rencontre un succès planétaire mais souvent en décalage par rapport aux besoins de protection de l’innovation. En témoignent la prolifération de brevets litigieux, mais aussi le coût des licences, le comportement prédateur des trolls de brevets ou encore les innombrables atteintes au droit d’auteur. Les pratiques qui se sont développées récemment vont bien audelà du rôle traditionnel de protection de l’innovation fondé sur le droit à exclure. Les pouvoirs publics ont pris conscience de l’importance des besoins de réforme. Cependant, beaucoup reste à faire pour améliorer la manière dont la propriété intellectuelle contribue à l’essor des nouvelles formes d’innovation. Propriété intellectuelle et protection de l’innovation analyse cette lancinante question : au nom de l’innovation, faut-il plutôt abolir les droits de propriété intellectuelle, s’en tenir au statu quo, ou réformer le système ? Cet ouvrage plaide pour la réforme et en esquisse les principaux axes.
This book highlights good practices and summarises what countries should consider before entering into public-private partnerships (PPPs).
Introduces the idea of ''innovative milieu'' as a model for the geographical framework of both local and international industrial organization. The first six chapters develop this powerful concept in theoretical and case-study discussions. Using a behaviorial perspective, the second half examines the networking process employed by companies to enhance spatial functioning of the innovative milieu.
This book, first published in 1971, details the Muhammad ‘?rif manuscript which propagates the project of the Hejaz railway connecting Damascus with Medina and Mecca. The project has been seen as a specific, dramatic example of the phenomenon of growing Arab nationalism during the early years of the twentieth century. Included here is an annotated edition of the Arabic manuscript, an English translation, and an extensive introduction with notes and historical setting. The ‘?rif manuscript gives a clear view of the struggle for reform in Turkey at the time when burgeoning Arab nationalism became an important factor in the railway project. Many aspects of Middle Eastern politics can be traced to basic factors described in the manuscript by ‘?rif.
Geography and Trade
Author: Paul R. Krugman
Publisher: MIT Press
Economic theory usually assumes away distance. Krugman argues that it is time to put it back--that the location of production in space is a key issue both within and between nations. In this book, he provides a stimulating synthesis of ideas in the literature and describes new models for implementing a study of economic geography that could change the nature of the field.
Port Reform Toolkit
Publisher: World Bank Publications
This publication provides information for the effective and sustainable public sector reform of port services in developing countries based on examples of best practice around the world. It focuses on understanding the needs, challenges and risks for sector reform, and also considers the options and implications of increased private sector involvement. The toolkit contains eight booklets and a CD-ROM which cover a range of issues including: a port reform framework, alternative port management structures and ownership models, legal reform tools, financial implications, regulation, labour reform and related social issues.
The first two decades of the twenty-first century have witnessed an influx of innovations and reforms in public financial management. The current wave of reforms is markedly different from those in the past, owing to the sheer number of innovations, their widespread adoption, and the sense that they add up to a fundamental change in the way governments manage public money. This book takes stock of the most important innovations that have emerged over the past two decades, including fiscal responsibility legislation, fiscal rules, medium-term budget frameworks, fiscal councils, fiscal risk management techniques, performance budgeting, and accrual reporting and accounting. Not merely a handbook or manual describing practices in the field, the volume instead poses critical questions about innovations; the issues and challenges that have appeared along the way, including those associated with the global economic crisis; and how the ground can be prepared for the next generation of public financial management reforms. Watch Video of Book Launch
Privatizing the State
Author: Béatrice Hibou
Publisher: Columbia University Press
In the new global political economy, "privatization" names a transformation of the roles of public and private actors with the goal of reforming government policies and economic aid programs. It is an objective, a slogan, a fetish. But what does it signify? On the one hand, it refers to the process of changing industries, businesses, and services from governmental or public ownership to private agencies. But privatization now also extends to what are normally the prerogatives of national states: taxation, customs, internal security, national defense, and peace negotiations. In much of the literature, privatization is associated with the retreat, decline, or even demise of the state. Using Max Weber's concept of delegation, or "discharge," as a point of departure, Hibou and the contributors of this volume propose an alternative view, interpreting the contemporary restructuring of economic and political relations in much of the world as "the privatization of the state." This book challenges received ideas about the process of globalization and its presumed homogenization by suggesting that rather than weakening the powers of the state, privatization actually strengthens it. With examples from Russia, Poland, China, Taiwan, Indonesia, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa, the book questions the supposed inefficiency of states in regulating capitalism and the role economic and financial knowledge play as substitutes for political and social analysis.