Stendhal, George Sand, Rachilde, Georges Bataille: Forgoing the patronym, with its weight of meaning, these modern French writers renamed themselves in their work. Their use of pseudonyms, as Maryline Lukacher demonstrates in this provocative study, is part of a process to subvert the name of the father and explore the suppressed relation to the figure of the mother. Combining psychoanalytic criticism, feminist theory, and literary analysis, Maternal Fictions offers a complex psychological portrait of these writers who managed at once to challenge patriarchal authority and at the same time attempt to return to the maternal. Through readings of Armance, Le Rouge et le noir, La Vie de Henry Brulard, and Les Cenci, Lukacher exposes Stendhal's preoccupation with his dead mother, who is obsessively retrieved throughout his work. George Sand's identity is, in effect, divided between two mothers, her biological mother and her grandmother, and in Histoire de ma vie, Indiana, and Mauprat, we see the writer's efforts to break the impasse created by this divided identity. In the extraordinary but too little known work of Rachilde (Marguerite Eymery), Lukacher finds the maternal figure identified as the secret inner force of patriarchal oppression. This resistance to feminism continues in the pseudonymous work of Georges Bataille. In Ma mĂ¨re, Le coupable, and L'ExpĂ©rience intĂ©rieure Lukacher traces Bataille's representation of the mother as a menacing, ever subversive figure who threatens basic social configurations. Maternal Fictions establishes a new pseudonymous genealogy in modern French writing that will inform and advance our understanding of the act of self-creation that occurs in fiction.
Author: Georges Bataille
Publisher: SUNY Press
Outlines a mystical theology and experience of the sacred founded on the absence of god. Originally published in 1943, Inner Experience is the single most significant work by one of the twentieth centuryâ€™s most influential writers. It outlines a mystical theology and experience of the sacred founded on the absence of god. Bataille calls Inner Experience a â€śnarrative of despair,â€ť but also describes it as a book wherein â€śprofundity and passion go tenderly hand in hand.â€ť Herein, he says, â€śThe mind moves in a strange world where anguish and ecstasy take shape.â€ť Batailleâ€™s search for experience begins where religion, philosophy, science, and literature leave off, where doctrines, dogmas, methods, and the arts collapse. His method of meditation, outlined and documented here, commingles horror and delight. Laughter, intoxication, eroticism, poetry, and sacrifice are pursued not as ends in and of themselves but as means of access to a sovereign realm of inner experience. This new translation is the first to include Method of Meditation and Post-Scriptum 1953, the supplementary texts Bataille added to create the first volume of his Summa Atheologica. This edition also offers the full notes and annotations from the French edition of Batailleâ€™s Oeuvres ComplĂ¨tes, along with an incisive introductory essay by Stuart Kendall that situates the work historically, biographically, and philosophically.
A partir de la tour de Bollingen que Jung a entiĂ¨rement construite, sculptĂ©e et dĂ©corĂ©e de ses mains au fur et Ă mesure que se dĂ©veloppait son expĂ©rience intĂ©rieure, Michel Cazenave suit et Ă©claire, pas Ă pas, la vie du psychologue dans son incessante confrontation Ă la mort, au sacrĂ© et Ă l'inconscient. Il Ă©claire ainsi le sens de l'expĂ©rience intĂ©rieure qui a guidĂ© Jung toute sa vie, cherche Ă comprendre en dĂ©cryptant le Livre rouge les Ă©preuves qu'il a du affronter, les tĂ©nĂ¨bres de feu qu'il a du traverser, le pouvoir de la mort qu'il n'a eu de cesse de cĂ´toyer. Il tente d'entrer dans les tourments d'une Ă˘me si angoissĂ©e de comprendre le monde qu'elle ne s'est jamais reposĂ©e dans les clairiĂ¨res qu'elle dĂ©couvrait pourtant au fur et Ă mesure. Il pĂ©nĂ¨tre dans cette oeuvre, comme une oeuvre alchimique, que reprĂ©sente une vie d'homme dĂ¨s qu'on veut l'assumer.
The essays in this collection were originally given at the international colloquium Cent Ans de Bataille: La Bataille de Cent Ansheld at the FondaciĂł TĂ pies in Barcelona in September 1998. They are written from a variety of perspectives but are drawn together by the singular aim of addressing and interrogating Georges Bataille as our contemporary whose fascination with the rupture between mythical and experimental forms of discourse defines our own age as much as it did in Bataille's own time.More precisely, the essays in this collection range over Bataille's status as a novelist, a poet, an art critic, a philosopher and a prophet of post-modernity with this aim in mind. They not only seek to advance and clarify debate about Bataille's present status in the post-modern canon but also shed new light on the complex relation between Bataille and the present generation of readers who have come to him through the prism of post-modernist thought. It is of significance for each writer in this collection, most crucially, that the premonition of catastrophe which defined Bataille's fluid political positions is also located between tragedy and irony.
The problematic reality of an alterity implicit in the concept of communication has been a consistent attestation in formal discourse. The rapport of thought to this alterity has been consistently described as a radical inadequation. By virtue of the communicational economy which produces discontinuity and relation, illumination and the possibility of consciousness, an opacity haunts the famili arity of comprehension. Consciousness' spontaneity is limited by the difference or discontinuity of the exterior thing, of the exterior subject or intersubjective other, and of the generality of existence in its excess over comprehension's closure. An element implicit in difference or discontinuity escapes the power of comprehension, and even the possibility of manifestation. Within the system of tendencies and predications which characterizes formal discourse, however, this escape of alterity is most often understood as an escape which proceeds from its own substantiality: the unknowable in-itself of things, of subjects, and of generality. Alterity escapes the power of comprehension, on the basis of its power to escape this power. That which escapes the effectivity of consciousness, escapes on the basis of its own effectivity. For this reason, the rapport of inadequation described by the escape may function in formal discourse as a correlation. The inadequation of comprehension and exteriority may function as the vicissitude of a larger adequation. The latent principles of this adequation are power and totalization.
Je rĂŞve un enfant
Author: Monique Bydlowski
Publisher: Odile Jacob
Pourquoi certaines femmes dĂ©sirent-elles depuis toujours un enfant ? Pourquoi dâ€™autres deviennent-elles mĂ¨res par surprise, en croyant ne pas le vouloir ? Pourquoi dâ€™autres encore restent-elles infertiles ? Ă€ quoi rĂŞvent les futures mĂ¨res pendant les neuf mois de la grossesse ? Ă€ lâ€™enfant qui va naĂ®tre ? Ă€ lâ€™enfant quâ€™elles ont Ă©tĂ© ? Comment expliquer que le jour de la naissance corresponde souvent avec la date anniversaire dâ€™un proche ? Et que lâ€™expĂ©rience de lâ€™accouchement, Ă peine terminĂ©e, soit aussitĂ´t oubliĂ©e ? De quel rĂŞve maternel, singulier pour chacune, le nouveau-nĂ© Ă˘gĂ© de quelques heures est-il dĂ©jĂ le dĂ©positaire ? Quelle mĂ©moire familiale se poursuivra Ă travers lui ? Un voyage au pays des mĂ¨res qui montre combien la crĂ©ation dâ€™un enfant demeure, en dĂ©pit de tous les progrĂ¨s scientifiques, une aventure hors norme, tissĂ©e dans lâ€™Ă©toffe de la vie de chaque femme. MĂ©decin, psychiatre, psychanalyste, Monique Bydlowski est directeur de recherche Ă lâ€™INSERM et pratique depuis plus de vingt ans dans une maternitĂ© hospitaliĂ¨re.
IntĂ©ressĂ© depuis plusieurs annĂ©es Ă la psychologie de la religion, l'auteur explore ici le phĂ©nomĂ¨ne de l'expĂ©rience intĂ©rieure en partant de tĂ©moignages et de statistiques et en ayant recours aux explications des psychologues et aux rĂ©cits judĂ©o-chrĂ©tiens. [SDM].