Over the last two decades, many changes have happened to the social welfare policies of various industrial countries. Citizens have seen their pensions, unemployment benefits, and general healthcare policies shrink as “belt tightening” measures are enforced. But in contrast, long-term care has seen a general growth in public financing, an expansion of beneficiaries, and, more generally, an attempt to define larger social responsibilities and related social rights. The aim of this book is to describe and interpret the changes introduced in long-term care policies in Western Europe. The volume argues that recent reforms have brought about an increasing convergence in LTC policies. Most of the new programs have developed a new general approach to long-term care, based on a better integration of social care and health care. The book explores increasing public support given to family care work (in the past, the family would take care of the elderly or infirm) and increasing growth and recognition of a extended social care market (by which care has shifted from a moral obligation based on family reciprocity to a paid, professional activity). A new social care arrangement has therefore been developing in Western countries, based on a new mix of family obligations, market provision, and public support. In order to understand such changes, this analysis will take into account the social and economical impact of these reforms.
The first edtion (Spanish only version) of this book was a great success, first printed seven years ago, and its second edition in 2004 was a confirmation not only of that earlier success, but also of a renewed interest in library architecture. This first English version could also be seen as a third edition, given that the first appendix, covering guidelines, is totally new; the numerical data in the second appendix has been revised, and the section dedicated to projects now includes the Jaume Fuster library by Josep Llinàs and Joan Vera. Also information dealing with legal and regulatory framework now has an international focus. This is a practical book which accurately and thoroughly summarizes all the aspects of interest which crop up during project completion, but in such a way it can be easily understood. Moreover, the 21 works which have been selected, mostly from Catalonia and the Iberian Peninsula, are presented as examples of a variety of solutions and high architectural quality.
Author: Mary Ellen Richmond
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
Social Diagnosis is the classic in social work literature. In it Miss Richmond first established a technique of social casework. She discusses the nature and uses of social evidence, its tests and their practical application, and summarizes the lessons to be learned from history, science, and the law. While other aids in diagnosis have been added to the caseworker's equipment, the assembling of social evidence is still an important discipline of the profession, to which this volume continues to make a significant contribution. No revision of the book has ever been made nor does any later book take its place.
"A review of the First Edition... "Read it in medicine, nursing, social work and all health-care settings. It informs and illustrates by case examples, and the interface with the law, social work, nursing and general practice are usefully highlighted. It looks to the future' -" The Lancet " This completely revised and extended edition of The Mistreatment of Elderly People presents a comprehensive overview of research and theoretical explanations of elder abuse, as well as practical guidance for practitioners in the field. The new edition updates themes covered in the First Edition including: the clinical implications of abuse; sociological perspectives; issues for social workers, nurses, clinicians and general practitioners; legal implications; and prevention models. In addition, new research findings and further topics have been included. The new edition evaluates the implications of the NHS and Community Care Act, and the application of care management systems in cases of elder abuse. It also offers suggestions for good practice for interagency working and addresses questions of social policy, family and kinship networks, gender and the public response to the plight of vulnerable elderly people. The book looks at abuse in both domestic and residential settings and includes case examples of sexual, physical, psychological and material abuse and forms of neglect.
The WHO World report on ageing and health is not for the book shelf it is a living breathing testament to all older people who have fought for their voice to be heard at all levels of government across disciplines and sectors. - Mr Bjarne Hastrup President International Federation on Ageing and CEO DaneAge This report outlines a framework for action to foster Healthy Ageing built around the new concept of functional ability. This will require a transformation of health systems away from disease based curative models and towards the provision of older-person-centred and integrated care. It will require the development sometimes from nothing of comprehensive systems of long term care. It will require a coordinated response from many other sectors and multiple levels of government. And it will need to draw on better ways of measuring and monitoring the health and functioning of older populations. These actions are likely to be a sound investment in society's future. A future that gives older people the freedom to live lives that previous generations might never have imagined. The World report on ageing and health responds to these challenges by recommending equally profound changes in the way health policies for ageing populations are formulated and services are provided. As the foundation for its recommendations the report looks at what the latest evidence has to say about the ageing process noting that many common perceptions and assumptions about older people are based on outdated stereotypes. The report's recommendations are anchored in the evidence comprehensive and forward-looking yet eminently practical. Throughout examples of experiences from different countries are used to illustrate how specific problems can be addressed through innovation solutions. Topics explored range from strategies to deliver comprehensive and person-centred services to older populations to policies that enable older people to live in comfort and safety to ways to correct the problems and injustices inherent in current systems for long-term care.
This valuable text offers a range of practical, person centred and evidence based approaches to tackling challenges faced by professionals working with people with learning disabilities.
Index for Inclusion
Author: Tony Booth, Mel Ainscow
Author: Jim Mansell, Julie Beadle-Brown
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Explains the Active Support model of care for people with intellectual disabilities and details how professionals can utilize these techniques in their practices. Original.
The Logic of Practice
Author: Pierre Bourdieu
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Our usual representations of the opposition between the "civilized" and the "primitive" derive from willfully ignoring the relationship of distance our social science sets up between the observer and the observed. In fact, the author argues, the relationship between the anthropologist and his object of study is a particular instance of the relationship between knowing and doing, interpreting and using, symbolic mastery and practical masteryor between logical logic, armed with all the accumulated instruments of objectification, and the universally pre-logical logic of practice. In this, his fullest statement of a theory of practice, Bourdieu both sets out what might be involved in incorporating one's own standpoint into an investigation and develops his understanding of the powers inherent in the second member of many oppositional pairsthat is, he explicates how the practical concerns of daily life condition the transmission and functioning of social or cultural forms. The first part of the book, "Critique of Theoretical Reason," covers more general questions, such as the objectivization of the generic relationship between social scientific observers and their objects of study, the need to overcome the gulf between subjectivism and objectivism, the interplay between structure and practice (a phenomenon Bourdieu describes via his concept of the habitus), the place of the body, the manipulation of time, varieties of symbolic capital, and modes of domination. The second part of the book, "Practical Logics," develops detailed case studies based on Bourdieu's ethnographic fieldwork in Algeria. These examples touch on kinship patterns, the social construction of domestic space, social categories of perception and classification, and ritualized actions and exchanges. This book develops in full detail the theoretical positions sketched in Bourdieu's Outline of a Theory of Practice. It will be especially useful to readers seeking to grasp the subtle concepts central to Bourdieu's theory, to theorists interested in his points of departure from structuralism (especially fom Lévi-Strauss), and to critics eager to understand what role his theory gives to human agency. It also reveals Bourdieu to be an anthropological theorist of considerable originality and power.
"A study of the global oppression of people with disabilities and the international movement that has recently emerged to resist it ... A theoretical overview of disability oppression that shows its similarities to, and differences from, racism, sexism, and colonialism."--Jacket.
Author: David Braybrooke
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The concept of needs works to sort out social policies. Yet the idea is in disrepute with many thinkers who, led by economists, accuse it of being too fluid, or too narrow, or of serving no purpose that the concept of preferences does not serve better. David Braybrooke refutes these charges by providing a model of how the concept of needs works when it is working well. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
A History of Disability
Author: Henri-Jacques Stiker
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
A bold analysis of the evolution of Western attitudes toward disability, available for the first time in English
Comparing welfare states
Author: Allan Cochrane, John Clarke, Sharon Gewirtz
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd
This accessible, broad-ranging textbook provides a critical introduction to British and comparative social policy. Drawing on the comparative analysis of welfare regimes, the book show how the welfare systems of individual countries can only be understood through exploring the wider global context. The chapters highlight the richness, complexity and dynamics of welfare regimes in different countries, while at the same time considering shared features and trends. Comparing Welfare States provides a unique way into analysis of the British welfare state through its wider international focus. In this extensively revised second edition, the British case is related to the experiences of the United States of America, Sweden, Germany and Ireland, and set in the context of policy issues within the European Union. Throughout the authors problematize traditional notions of welfare, emphasizing variations in levels and forms of provision and in the ways in which different social groups experience welfare. Particular attention is paid to the interactions between family policies and issues of race and gender and to the processes by which individuals or groups are given or denied access to full welfare citizenship. This book will be an invaluable text for students of British and comparative social and public policy and to all of those interested in the study of European welfare states.
This publication aims to contribute to the research, analysis and design of proposals for the social protection of older persons. It develops a new conceptual approach and uses various indicators for its assessment in the areas of social security, health and social services. All human beings must be able to avail themselves of equal rights, without discrimination, and these rights must be enforced through serious, strategic and sustainable commitments which accommodate both present and long-term challenges. Only then will it be possible to develop an approach which includes each and every citizen and contributes to their well-being and security, so that they can make full use of their capacities, regardless of their age or economic activity.